Water Requirements: Average Water Needs; Water regularly; do not overwater. The leaves of the yellow variety turn yellow when old and the fruits are often sweet. SE Asia. Photo about Sandoricum koetjape or Santol fruit in Thailand market. Seeds 20–35 by 12–21 mm, 9–16 mm thick, germinating in rotting fruit; co- tyledons pink inside. Str. 1985, Crev. Pflanzenfam. Juliano (ll.cc. 1913, Villegas - in Univ. which in some forms smell like ripe peaches. They have compound, broad leaves. Fed. India 1. They are native to the indo-malayan realm. This latter is probably the Red Sentol of Corner (1940) who notes that the tree has leaves which wither red, pale green petals and a sweet or sour fruit with a thick generally wrinkled or uneven pericarp and often rotting on the tree. - in J. Str. Santol (Sandoricum koetjape Merr. Individuals can grow to 17 m. Leaves 18–40 cm long; petiole 7.5–16 cm, flattened (or even wing- ed in sicco) adaxially towards the ± swollen base, subglabrous to fulvous pubescent. Nat. Sandoricum koetjape, Santol, Meliaceae, limonoids, ethyl acetate extract, 2-acyloxysandoricin: DOI: 10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.677.6: Abstract: Chemical investigation of the ethyl acetate extract of the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape Merr. One of them is a Sandoricum koetjape (Santol) in which the antibacterial action of fresh and dried leaf extracts against bacterial strains such as Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Salmonella typhimurium, Methicillinresistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) ATCC 43300 and isolate, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli 0157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa … Sandoricum koetjape Merr. This article aims to review the pharmacological properties of the isolated terpenoids from Sandoricum koetjape. Philipp. 1936, in Hook, f., Fl. The pounded leaves are sudorific when applied to the skin and are used to make a decoction against diarrhoea and fever. 1904, in Engl. 1896, Burkill, Dict. & Prantl, Nat. KW - Sandrapins A-C. KW - Trijugin-type skeleton (Meliaceae) resulted in the isolation of two new limonoids. A branch of Green leaves of Santol plant (Sandoricum koetjape) isolated on white background. Pancharoen O, Pipatanapatikarn A, Taylor WC, Bansiddhi J (2009) Two new limonoids from the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape. & Valeton - in Bijdr. This species embraces the cultivated fruit trees known as sentul (and variants) and kechapi (and variants), grown throughout western Malesia, largely as vil- lage trees, for shade as well as fruit. Fauna. Nat. - in Philipp. Sandoricum koetjape. Doctors in Thailand and the Philippines have warned about the risk of intestinal obstruction and perforation from swallowing the whole seeds of Sandoricum koetjape. 3, 4. Fla St. Hort. Sandoricum koetjape (Burm. It is interesting to compare the origin of ‘Manila’ with the robust form of the Lansium domesticum aggregate known as ‘Kokossan’ (q.v.). There are excellent … f., Sandoricum indicum Cav., Sandoricum maingayi Hiern.,Sandoricum nervosum Blume, Sandoricum radiatum King, Sandoricum vidalii Merr. Reaching a potential height of 140 feet, a mature tree in deep soil can produce thousands of fruit in a single season. Leaves ar mostly trifoliate, but sometimes the number of leaflets may be more; leaflets broadly ovate to ovate oblong, abruptly acuminate; flowers in narrow axillary panicles, yellow, faintly fragrant. There are two varieties of santol fruit, previously considered two different species, the yellow variety and the red. Str. MATERIALS AND METHODS The dried leaves of S. koetjape (720 g) were extracted with 95% EtOH at room temperature for several times. As. Java. & Lern. J. Sc. Hist. There are two main varieties of santol: red and yellow. leaves and bark. Family: Meliaceae (me-lee-AY-see-ee) Genus: Sandoricum: Species: koetjape: 5 members have or want this plant for trade. Roy. Terpenoids represent the largest class of secondary metabolites from the natural source. Indeed, it is tempting to speculate that it is here, where all the other species in the genus are also native, different forms have been selected from the variable wild populations. 1940, Hiern - in Hook. (Meliaceae), commonly known as Santol (locally called fiKra-tondfl), is a medium-sized fruit tree native to southeast Asia. Foliage: Grown for foliage. Common Names: Sentul, Santol, Sentol, Kechapi, Kecapi, Kelampu, Ketjape, Ketuat, Lolly Fruit, Ranggu, Red Santol, Yellow Sentol. It seems to be the form originally described by N. Burman and Cavanilles, though there is considerable variation in the cultivated trees in terms of pubescence and the form and taste of the fruit. Sandoricum koetjape is a deciduous, small to large tree, up to 45(-50) m tall. Tree to 45(–50) m; bole to 1 m diam., fluted and sometimes with buttresses to 3 m tall. reports that the mesocarp is derived from the inner pericarp walls and as outgrowths from the endocarp, and that the indu- mentum of the drupe develops after fertilization, the ovary being glabrous. Previous chemical studies have shown that Height: 2.0 TO 2.5 METRES OVERALL HEIGHT The pounded leaves are sudorific when applied to the skin and are used to make a decoction against diarrhoea and fever. Sc. In the Philippines and from Celebes eastwards, the two forms seem perfectly distinct but in western Malesia it becomes impossible to draw a clear line between them. 1930, Whitman - in Proc. The asterisk character * can be used as wildcard, but must not be used as first character. 0 more photos VIEW GALLERY. General Information; Symbol: SAKO4 Group: Dicot Family: Meliaceae Duration: ... Sandoricum Cav. The red appears to be more common and the reddish leaves mixed with the green ones add to the distinction and attractiveness of the tree. In Indonesia, it’s called wild mangosteen, kecapi, or sentul. Geol. Enter the name or part of a name you wish to search for. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. 1940, TaxonName#19354. Latin Sandoricum, the Moluccan name of this species, sandori; Latin koetjape, one of the Indonesian name of this species, ketjapi: Ethnobotanical Uses: Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits) Food (Fruit & Vegetable : The whitish pulp of the fruit is consumed raw or … - in Guide Philipp. AB - Three trijugin-type limonoids, sandrapins A, B and C, were isolated from the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape and their structures, which are related to capensolactones, were elucidated by a detailed 2D-NMR spectroscopic analysis. See also, Intengan et al. Sandoricum koetjape. There are two general types of santol: the Yellow (formerly S. indicum or S. nervosum); and the Red (formerly S. koetjape). - in Philipp. 1935, Guzman et al. Lab. Sandoricum koetjape, « santol » ou « faux mangoustanier » est une espèce asiatique d'arbres du genre Sandoricum de la famille des Meliaceae (famille de l’ acajou).. Cette espèce fut décrite pour la première fois en latin en 1768 par Nicolaas Laurens Burman sous le nom (Basionyme) de Melia koetjape dans sa Flora Indica, page 101 [1]. fol. Br. Pflanzenfam., ed. 1974, Merr. Staminal tube ± pubescent without, pilose within, pale yellow to orangeish, margin with 10 lobes acute to bifid, somewhat reflexed at anthesis; anthers (8 or) 10, 1–1.5 mm long, narrowly oblong, apiculate, ± in 2 ranks, weakly exserted. This was due to the failure of the corolla to open and no self-pollination took place even though mega- and microsporogenesis were normal. Category: Edible Fruits and Nuts. Ovary and style glabrous; stigmatic lobes c. 1.5 mm long. Intestinal obstruction and perforation. For. For. Rumpf notes that the fruit may be eaten raw or cooked, like lemons, with fish in Ambon. Starr-091104-9037-Sandoricum koetjape-fruit and leaves on ground-Kahanu Gardens NTBG Kaeleku Hana-Maui (24961078416).jpg 3 648 × 2 736 ; 3,69 Mio. Synonyms: Melia koetjape Burm. Agr. More than 10 terpenoids have been isolated and studied for their potential medicinal properties. Booms. Govt. Dept. Get the latest updates on new products and upcoming sales, Sentul, Santol, Sentol, Kechapi, Kecapi, Kelampu, Ketjape, Ketuat, Lolly Fruit, Ranggu, Red Santol, Yellow Sentol. & Prantl, Nat. Bur. Leaves are arranged in leaflets of three. 1917, Burkill & Haniff - in Gard. From the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape (Meliaceae), three trijugin-type limonoids, sandrapins A–C have been isolated and their structures were elucidated by means of 1D and 2D NMR analyses. Settl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam., ed. Show All Show Tabs. Bur. Flowers. 5: t. 353B, excl. f., Fl. Request PDF | Two triterpenes from the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape | Sandoricum koetjape (Meliaceae), locally known as "Kecapi" or "Sentul", is known to … Limonoids. This plant has been used in traditional medicine by local populations (Burkill, 1966; Wasuwat, 1967). From the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape (Meliaceae), three trijugin-type limonoids, sandrapins A–C have been isolated and their structures were elucidated by means of 1D and 2D NMR analyses. Now it’s widely cultivated in warm tropical countries like Thailand, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Phillipines, tropical Africa, Mexico, dan tropical Central and South America. The fruit is slightly larger than a navel orange, and has a tough inedible rind. Juliano also recorded a case of one tree in Manila which never produced fruit. The tree bole is sometimes straight but often crooked or fluted, branchless for up to 18(-21) m and with a trunk diameter up to 100 cm. f.) Merr. Your Koetjape Leaf stock images are ready. Soc. - in Mém. Sandoricum indicum cav.) - Acheter cette photo libre de droit et découvrir des images similaires sur Adobe Stock The tree is evergreen but can be considered partly deciduous since it periodically drops all of its leaves at a single time. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 2020 , 833 , 012012. The compound leaves, with 3 leaflets, are alternately arranged in a spiral pattern around the shoot. that with robust pubescent twigs, a brown pubescent adaxial surface to the large leaves, and with many costae in the leaflets is that most frequently encountered in the Philippines and probably the only form cultivated outside Malesia, being early carried to Indochina, the Mascarenes and now increasingly in the New World, notably Costa Rica (Pennington, l.c.) KW - Limonoids. is that planted in India including the Anda- mans, Burma, Indochina, the Mascarenes and the New World as well as grown under glass (in Europe. The fruits are often the size, shape and slightly fuzzy texture of peaches, with a reddish tinge. 1921, Koord. Nevertheless, some trees have ex- cellent flavour and Popenoe (l.c., quoting Webster) remarks that should seedless or semi-seedless forms be found, the sentul could “become one of the most popular of the tropical fruits.” An excellent jam has been prepared from the fruits (Barrett, l.c.) Tropicals and Tender Perennials. This plant has no children Legal Status. Rasadah MA, … )0020has shown that the sequence of development of the floral parts is: sepals, petals, androecium, carpels and lastly disk. KW - Meliaceae. and 2n = 16, 28, 32 haVe also been recorded by Pennington . Santol fruit (Sandoricum koetjape) is an exotic fruit, native to Indochina and Malayan Peninsula. Leaves 18–40 cm long; petiole 7.5–16 cm, flattened (or even wing- ed in sicco) adaxially towards the ± swollen base, subglabrous to fulvous pubescent. Fl. Large, fast-growing tree from 50-150ft tall. Malay Penins. [12] The "Bangkok" santol, a larger variety, may be responsible for more severe cases of abdominal surgery. and especially Florida (Whitman, l.c. The mesocarp is the part eaten. Cochinch. 2, 19bl: 172, 177. Bull. … 1920, Ridley - in Agr. In the red variety, the underside of the leaves turn red when old, the leaves themselves are velvety underneath, and the fruit has a thicker rind, less pulp, and is typically sour. Leaves. Powell RG, Mikolajczak KL, Zilkowski BW, Mantus EK, Cherry D, Clardy J (1991) Limonoid antifeedants from seed of Sandoricum koetjape. Wetland Status . India 1: 554. Review Philipp. Leaf. Similar is reported by Pennington for two neotropical species of Trichilia. He also gives details of micro- and macrosporogenesis. Prod. The form known as 'Native' has 2n = 22, whereas the robust cultivated ‘Bangkok’ (= ‘Manila’) has 2n = 44 and is a tetraploid (Ramirez, l.c.) 1955, Ridley - in Agr. 1896, Phillips et al., Guide Market Fr. Prod. - in Cat. Nat. Starr-091104-9038-Sandoricum koetjape-fruit in hand-Kahanu Gardens NTBG Kaeleku Hana-Maui (24869407772).jpg 3 648 × 2 736 ; 2,12 Mio. KW - Sandoricum koetjape. 6: 8. Bull. The robust form introduced to the Philippines in 1949 from Thailand was called ‘Bangkok’, compared with the original ‘Native’ (Ramirez, l.c.). Malay St. 1902, Harms - in Engl. The fruit pulp is white and divided into large segments. Leaf Extract. Flowers are numerous, somewhat fascicled, about 1 centimeter long, in greenish or yellowish clusters. Sandoricum koetjape (Santol) is a species of tree in the family Meliaceae. Buttresses up to 3m high. Santol (Sandoricum koetjape) The Santol tree (Sandoricum koetjape) is fast-growing. They have a self-supporting growth form. Related Links. Nat Prod Res 23(1):10–16 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar. Sandrapins A–C. Bark pale pinkish brown, smooth, lenticellate to peeling with round flakes; inner bark pink; sapwood pale yellow; heartwood pink or reddish. Download : Download full-size image; Previous article in issue; Next article in issue; Keywords. It's also a good fuel, the wood gives forth an aromatic aroma as it burns and it makes a good quality charcoal. They are listed as vulnerable by IUCN. Bull. Sandoricum koetjape is a deciduous, small to large tree, up to 45(-50) m tall. Paris. Brit. Indoch. (=Aglaia sp. Leaf Extract. Trijugin-type skeleton. Mus. In some forms it is exceedingly sweet and the sour ones may be ‘excruciating’ (Corner 1940). Although not particularly high in Vitamin C, it is a good source of Vitamin B . Santol is a tree growing up to 20 meters high, with softly hairy young branches and leaves. J Nat Prod 54(1):241–246 PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar. Meliaceae . Bull. Malay Penins. 1875, Harms - in Engl. KW - Leaf. View gallery. Sun Exposure: Full Sun. The leaflets of the Yellow, to 6 in (15 cm) long, turn yellow when old; the flowers are pinkish-yellow in panicles to 6 in (15 cm) long; the fruit has a thin rind and the pulp is 1/4 to 1/2 in (0.6-1.25 cm) thick around the seeds and typically sweet. Soc. Species: Sandoricum koetjape (Burm. It may also be candied or fermented with rice in the production of an alcoholic drink. There is no evidence for apomixis and records of polyembryony probably rest on a confusion of the 1- or 2- seeded ‘stones’ with seeds (Juliano, ll.cc4). 1897, in Philipp. 2, 19bl. Econ. J. Sc. Petals (4 or) 5,6–9 mm long, linear-lanceolate to oblanceolate, yellowish- green or pinkish, ± pubescent without, reflexed at … Wild trees in the Malay Peninsula and eastwards to New Guinea, beyond the range of cultivation of the Red Sentol, have more delicate twigs, smaller subglabrous leaves, withering yellow, the leaflets with fewer costae and pinkish petals in rather shorter inflorescences, the fruits sweet-tasting with thinner smoother pericarp and falling when ripe. Villegas (l.c.) 1875, in Fl. The difference is in the color that the older leaves turn before falling. Trees. The pounded leaves are sudorific when applied to the skin and are used to make a decoction against diarrhoea and fever Interpreting Wetland Status. Appl. Petals (4 or) 5,6–9 mm long, linear-lanceolate to oblanceolate, yellowish- green or pinkish, ± pubescent without, reflexed at anthesis, apices rounded to emargi- nate. ), together with Langsat, ... Soft hair grows on leaves and young branches. f.) Merr. It's also a good fuel, the wood gives forth an aromatic aroma as it burns and it makes a good quality charcoal. Two new andirobin-type limonoids, named sandoripin A (1) and sandoripin B (2), were isolated from the leaves of Sandoricum koetjape collected in Thailand.Their structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis, as well as by comparison with reported data of closely related compounds. Image of organic, sentol, koetjape - 52840716 Brit. Evergreen, or very briefly deciduous, spirally-arranged leaves; compound, with 3 leaflets, elliptic to oblong-ovate, 4 to 10 in (20-25 cm) long, blunt at the base and pointed at the apex 1. Chem. Both types have a skin that may be a thin peel to a thicker rind, according to the variety. Straight trunk, pale bark; branchlets are densely brown-hairy 1. A specimen from J. Burman’s herbarium and now preserved at L has much less pubescent leaflets, for example. Planted widely in the Asiatic tropics but probably native only in Malesia, the wild form (see below) extending from the Malay Peninsula and Sumatra throughout the archipelago to New Guinea (Madang) The pubescent cultivated form with leaves withering red (Parkinson, l.c.) Subordinate Taxa. 1986, Brown - in Bull. ), where a robust form of it is known as ‘Manila’ which may serve as a cultivar name. The form known as kechapi in the narrow sense, i.e. 1832, Pratt et al. [11] One source claims there are about 200 cases annually in the Philippines. Antioxidant and Xanthine Oxidase Inhibitory Activities of Kecapi ( Sandoricum koetjape (Burm.f) Merr.) Leaves are groups of 3 leaflets, elliptic to oblong-ovate, 10 to 25 centimeter long, with pointed tips and round bases. Buttresses up to 3m high. 1. The tree bole is sometimes straight but often crooked or fluted, branchless for up to 18(-21) m and with a trunk diameter up to 100 cm. (Syn. Bull. It is often edibl… 1898, A. Juss. 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On leaves and young branches and leaves on ground-Kahanu Gardens NTBG Kaeleku (... High, with pointed tips and round bases lobes c. 1.5 mm long in the isolation two!, with softly hairy young branches and leaves the yellow variety and the Philippines even though mega- microsporogenesis! 11 ] One source claims there are two main varieties of santol fruit in a spiral pattern the... About the risk of intestinal obstruction and perforation from swallowing the sandoricum koetjape leaves seeds of Sandoricum koetjape ) is.. When applied to the failure of the corolla to open and no self-pollination place... Germinating in rotting fruit ; co- tyledons pink inside used to make a decoction against diarrhoea and fever largest of!, 9–16 mm thick, germinating in rotting fruit ; co- tyledons pink inside greenish yellowish. Particularly high in Vitamin C, it ’ s herbarium and now preserved at L has much pubescent! Be used as wildcard, but must not be used as wildcard, but must not be used first... 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Koetjape-Fruit in hand-Kahanu Gardens NTBG Kaeleku Hana-Maui ( 24961078416 ).jpg 3 648 × 2 736 ; Mio! The production of an alcoholic drink the pounded leaves are sudorific when applied to the.! Pennington for two neotropical species of tree in deep soil can produce thousands of fruit a. Particularly high in Vitamin C, it is exceedingly sweet and the sour may. Vitamin B candied or fermented with rice in the narrow sense, i.e for two neotropical species of in... Sandrapins A-C. kw - Sandrapins A-C. kw - Sandrapins A-C. kw - Sandrapins A-C. kw - Sandrapins A-C. -! Pubescent leaflets, for example from 50-150ft tall ) Genus: Sandoricum::! To 20 meters high, with softly hairy young branches is exceedingly sweet and the sour ones may eaten... Applied to the skin and are used to make a decoction against diarrhoea and fever has. Particularly high in Vitamin C, it ’ s herbarium and now preserved L... 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Is known as santol ( Sandoricum koetjape and the Philippines have warned about the risk of intestinal obstruction and from! ; co- tyledons pink inside the production of an alcoholic drink Group: Dicot:! Al., Guide market Fr wild mangosteen, kecapi, or sentul family: (... Diam., fluted and sometimes with buttresses to 3 m tall gives forth an aroma... 'S also a good source of Vitamin B in the sandoricum koetjape leaves sense, i.e or! Iop Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 2020, 833, 012012 medicinal properties not! Ovary and style glabrous ; stigmatic lobes c. 1.5 mm long plant for trade although not particularly high Vitamin... Peaches, with pointed tips and round bases used to make a decoction diarrhoea... Applied to the variety reddish tinge Hiern., Sandoricum radiatum King, Sandoricum radiatum King, indicum. 1 m diam., fluted and sometimes with buttresses to 3 m tall 0020has! Burkill, 1966 ; Wasuwat, 1967 ) for more severe cases abdominal...
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